Dating phrases in norwegian
Most speakers spoke Old East Norse in what is present day Denmark and Sweden.
Old Gutnish, the more obscure dialectal branch, is sometimes included in the Old East Norse dialect due to geographical associations.
Another term used, used especially commonly with reference to West Norse, was norrǿnt mál ("Nordic/Northern speech").
Today Old Norse has developed into the modern North Germanic languages Icelandic, Faroese, Norwegian, Danish, and Swedish, of which Norwegian, Danish and Swedish retain considerable mutual intelligibility.
The vowel phonemes mostly come in pairs of long and short.
The standardized orthography marks the long vowels with an acute accent.
Old Norse also had an influence on English dialects and Lowland Scots, which contain many Old Norse loanwords.
In Kievan Rus', it survived the longest in Veliky Novgorod, probably lasting into the 13th century there.Contemporary Icelandic-speakers can read Old Norse, which varies slightly in spelling as well as semantics and word order.However, pronunciation, particularly of the vowel phonemes, has changed at least as much as in the other North Germanic languages.These dates, however, are not absolute, since written Old Norse is found well into the 15th century.
Old Norse was divided into three dialects: Old West Norse, Old East Norse, and Old Gutnish.The current Finnish and Estonian words for Sweden are Ruotsi and Rootsi, respectively.